HINDUSTAN ZINC RECEIVES DUN & BRADSTREET CORPORATE AWARD 2017

Hindustan Zinc received the Dun & Bradstreet Corporate Award 2017 under the Non-Ferrous & Precious Metals category in a glittering function held in Mumbai on 1st June 2017.
This is the 9th consecutive win for Hindustan Zinc in the category. The award was presented by Mr. Arjun Ram Meghwal, Honourable Minister of State for Finance & Corporate Affairs, Government of India.


Mr. Vijay Jayarama Murthy - Head, Marketing received the Award on behalf of Hindustan Zinc.

“We are living on this planet as if we had another one to go…”-Sunil Duggal-CEO, Hindustan Zinc

Sir David Frederick Attenborough, veteran broadcaster and naturalist said, “An understanding of the natural world and what’s in it is a source of not only a great curiosity but great fulfilment. It seems to me that the natural world is the greatest source of excitement, the greatest source of visual beauty, the greatest source of intellectual interest.  It is greatest source of so much in life that makes life worth living.”
I remember on my first birthday, my father planted a sapling. It was a festivity for the entire family. As I was growing I had a unique attachment with that sapling, which was growing with me, rather taller than me. Since many years it has been a symbol of love and affection as my childhood memories have been associated with it.

The thought of planting sapling was never out of environment protection but for affection as we knew nature was quite capable of taking care of itself and most importantly of us.

I always understood two aspects of nature - its ‘significance’ and its ‘power’.  I use the word ‘power’ to describe the nature because the nature is not defenceless. It does not need our mercy. The way we care for it today is the same way it is going to deal with us tomorrow.

Today on the occasion of World Environment Day, I am not going to narrate methods to protect environment or nature or save endangered species or develop biospheres & horticulture parks or beautify land through reclamations and plant more trees. That I know and believe that all of us are dedicated to save energy, water and we are using best of global technology to make our operations as much environment caring.

Today, I want to express my perspective of care for environment, beyond compliance.

You would have noticed, where the quality of life goes down for the environment, the quality of life will go down for the humans.
We are living on this planet as if we had another one to go.
Sometimes, just take a break and think - what have we given back to the nature who has given us its heart and soul from past millions of years.

Albert Einstein said, Look deep into nature, and then you will understand everything better. American naturalist, author - John Muir said, ‘in every walk with nature one receives far more than he seeks.’
I feel more confident than ever that the power to save the planet rests with the individual consumer. Reserve and preserve it for the future of your children.

Trust me, one day, you would see the same nature nurturing our future generations.

HINDUSTAN ZINC CELEBRATES WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY


Employees and their Families participated and Nandghar children became guardian of the planet Earth... 

Hindustan Zinc celebrated “World Environment Day” on 4th & 5th June, 2017 at Head Office and at all its business locations. Hindustan Zinc believes World Environment Day is the opportunity for everyone to realize the responsibility to care of the Earth and to become agents of change.

During the occasion, Plantation drive was carried out at Zinc Park on 4th June, 2017 where Mr. Sunil Duggal – CEO, HZL, the Chief Guest of the program said ‘I feel more confident than ever that the power to save the planet rests with the individual consumer. Reserve and preserve it for the future of your children.

Various activities like exhibition, painting competition, inauguration of vermi compost set-up were planned to involve employees, their families and children. Painting competition was organized for children of employees on ‘Connecting People to Nature’, the theme for World Environment Day 2017, to encourage people to get outdoors and into nature, to appreciate the beauty of planet, and to take forward the call to protect the Earth for prosperity.

Mr. V Jayaraman – Head EOHS, Mr. Ramakrishnan Kasinath – Head Commercial, Ms. Sonal Shrivastava – Dy. CFO, Ms. Neelima Khetan – Head CSR, Mr. Akhilesh Shukla  - Unit Head R&D - CRDL and other HZL employees along with their families also participated to make the planet greener’.

On 5th June, 2017, Mr. Sunil Duggal, CEO celebrated World Environment Day with children of Padakhadri Nandghar in Udaipur along with his wife Mrs. Ramdeep Duggal.

Mr. Duggal planted a Guava Tree at Nandghar with little Runika and  Mrs. Duggal planted a Mango tree with naughty Jitu. Hindustan Zinc also pledged to plant one fruit tree at every Nandghar. Apart from fruit trees, a seasonal vegetable garden was also set up at the Padakhadri Nandghar.

On this occasion, Mr. Duggal said – ‘let the children become the guardians of this planet, and let Nandghar teach them about caring and nurturing the environment’. During their visit to Nandghar, he interacted with children, participated enthusiastically in their poem recitation and other activites.

Mrs. Duggal also interacted with the parents of Nandghar children to understand the growth and change they see in their children.

Mr. Pavan Kaushik – Head Corporate Communication said “Hindustan Zinc has implemented extensive green belt development projects and has around 1.4 million of green cover around its operations.”


Also present were Mr. Manoj Nashine - Unit Head, Zinc Smelter Debari, Ms. Neelima Khetan - Head CSR, Ms. Priyanka Singh - CEO Seva Mandir and other representatives of HZL & Seva Mandir.


ASK FOR ZINC - SEA VIEW V/S SEE VIEW

Who does not want to have a bungalow or flat facing sea.  Globally, everyone wants to stay in room in a hotel that is facing sea-view. The mesmerising nature has its own depth like ocean which cannot be measured. But not many know that the coastal environment causes severe damage to the building structure and envelope (i.e., exterior doors, windows, skylights, exterior wall coverings, soffits, roof systems, and attic vents). When steel reinforcement corrodes, the corrosion product occupies more than three times the volume of the original steel, exerting great disruptive tensile stress on the surrounding concrete, leading to further cracking, more weather access and further corrosion. In mild cases, rust staining occurs whereas in more serious cases severe spalling of concrete may occur and ultimately the concrete members may fail completely.

The corrosive effect of salt-laden, wind-driven moisture in coastal areas cannot be overstated. Salt-laden, moist air can corrode exposed metal surfaces and penetrate any opening in the building. Corrosion is most likely to attack metal connectors that are used to attach the parts of the structure to one another, such as floor joists to beams and connectors used in cross-bracing below the finished lowest floor. Galvanized connectors coated with Zinc at the rate of 0.9 ounce per square foot of surface area (designated G-90) can corrode in coastal environments at a rate of 0.1 to 0.3 millimetre/year. At this rate, the Zinc protection will be gone in 7 years. Alternatively, a G-185 coated connector, which provides twice as much protection as G-90, can corrode in less than 20 years.

More galvanized protection (more ounces of Zinc per square foot of surface area to be protected) increases service life. Corrosion can also affect fasteners for siding and connectors for attaching exterior-mounted heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning units, electrical boxes, lighting fixtures, and any other item mounted on the exterior of the building.

Corrosion of reinforcing steel is one of the most important causes of deterioration of concrete structures in coastal environment. High permeability concrete, poor design detailing and construction defects such as inadequate depth of cover allow the ingress of salt and moisture into the concrete. High concentration of salt and moisture result in accelerated corrosion of reinforcing steel thereby significantly deteriorating the concrete structure.

Corrosion is commonly associated with deposition of sea salt in presence of moisture on steel and light metals. Chloride is the most significant corrosive species in the salt particles. Corrosion is influenced by the amount of salt on the metal surface and related to speed and direction of wind, distance of structure from the shore, elevation of the structures, degree of sheltering and frequency and amount of rain washing. Other factors that influence corrosion include time of wetness, relative humidity, metal surface temperature etc. Normal steel has poor resistance in coastal atmosphere and hence requires protection for durability.

So, moral of the story is… Do have a SEA facing bungalow or flat, SEE that the steel used is Galvanised…


Hindustan Zinc awarded SEEM National Energy Management Award 2016

Energy efficiency has always been one of the top priorities for Hindustan Zinc.

In recognition of these efforts, Hindustan Zinc’s DSC CPP won SEEM National Energy Management Award 2016 under Power Plant Industries Category for implementation of various power saving projects for reducing the specific energy consumption. The Award was given by  Mr. K.K. Chakraborthy - Energy Economist and Dr. Jayant Sathaye - 2007 Nobel Peace Prize Winning team member, University  of California, Berkeley in a glittering award ceremony held on 26th May 2017 at Ahmedabad Management Association (AMA) Hall, Ahmedabad. 

Hindustan Zinc has Thermal Captive Power Plants located at Chanderiya, Dariba and Zawar with a total power generation capacity of 474 MW.The Company has green energy farms with 274 MW of power generation capacity in Gujarat, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra.  Mr. A.K. Singh - General Manager, CPP and Mr. Rupak Sarkar - Associate Manager, CPP  from DSC CPP received the Award on behalf of Hindustan Zinc. 





ECONOMIC TIMES - HINDUSTAN ZINC SETS UP MINING ACADEMY TO TRAIN YOUTH


KOLKATA: Hindustan Zinc (HZL) has set up a mining academy to train youth in mining. The company will invest Rs 30 crore in next 5 years to train some 500 personnel in response to a growing need for skilled technical manpower in the country’s natural resources... sector.
The latter has been attracting best of talent among engineers and management trainees in the last 10 years, including a growing number of women who are joining the fray. A number of international experts have joined at key positions to explore natural resources, to improve metal recovery and build a future of sustainable mining. This lead HZL to identify areas in under-ground mining where need of skilled manpower is being felt. Two distinct roles that of Jumbo Drill Operator and Winding Engine Operators were identified, both positions that are currently being fulfilled by expats.
HZL thus decided to set up what is perhaps the first Mining Academy that would train ITI pass-outs in Jumbo Drill Operations and in Winding Engine Operations, who would also have training in Banks-men and Bellman Operations.
The academy has been set-up in collaboration with Skill Council for Mining Sector and training partner Indian Institute of Skill Development Pvt. Ltd. Commenting on the initiative, Sunil Duggal, CEO, HZL said: “The prime objective of setting up the Mining Academy in Rajasthan is to enhance employability of eligible youth. Hindustan Zinc completely endorses Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s thoughts on the scope of creating employment for millions in natural resources sector. The academy would provide an opportunity to ITI pass-outs, who are below the age of 30 years and academically qualified to operate after thorough training. These trainees are also given a monthly stipend of Rs 2000 to Rs 7000, linked to their performance. Currently, the training centres are in Bhilwara, Rajsamand and Zawar near Udaipur.

CEO, Hindustan Zinc - Mr. Sunil Duggal on Twitter

Dear All

We are pleased to inform you that we have launched official Twitter handle of our CEO:

Hindustan Zinc is uniquely positioned since it is world’s leading and India’s only Zinc-Lead-Silver producer, a company which is a global benchmark for the metal and mining space worldwide.

CEO Twitter handle will be interactive for sharing best practices, innovations, initiatives towards Health, Safety and Environment, and our achievements.

We are also aiming to make our CEO’s Twitter handle to be interactive for our vendors, suppliers, buyers and national & international stakeholders, including Government.


You may follow CEO’s Twitter handle www.twitter.com/ceo_hzl and share your experiences. 

800 STUDENTS JOIN HINDUSTAN ZINC’S SHIKSHA SAMBAL SUMMER CAMP

Hindustan Zinc’s Shiksha Sambal Program by now has provided classes in Maths, Science & English to over 7000 rural & tribal students
Schools in deep rural areas have their own challenges in terms of providing education to students. First and the foremost, it is difficult to convince villagers to send their children to schools, particularly the girls. Secondly, it is evenly difficult to get qualified and experienced teachers.
Hindustan Zinc, through its Shiksha Sambal program focuses on quality education and provides remedial classes to rural students appearing for Rajasthan Board Examination, i.e. students of 10th to 12th classes in the 5 districts - Udaipur, Rajsamand, Chittorgarh, Bhilwara and Ajmer. This project in association with Vidya Bhawan Society aims to provide special subject classes like Math, Science, Political Science, English and Accounts. The program is reaching out to 7000 students in 55 Government Schools.
Taking a step further to ensure the overall development of these students, Hindustan Zinc in association with Vidya Bhawan Society is organizing 7 Summer Camps in 5 districts of Rajasthan for about 800 rural students who are appearing for 10th Board Exams this year. This one month camp began on 15th May, 2017 at Udaipur and 6 business locations of Hindustan Zinc – Zawar, Debari, Chittorgarh, Dariba, Agucha and Kayad.
The launch program was organized on 22nd May, 2017 at Vidya Bhawan Auditorium, Udaipur.
The first residential summer camp was organized last year in Udaipur that saw the participation of around 70 rural students. Sighting the success of last year’s camp, this year, more than 200 students are actively participating where about 50% of them are girls from villages around all 7 business locations including Pantnagar. About 12-15 students from the last year camp are also participating in this year’s camp as ‘Captain’ to aid in managing the current batch.
These camps organizes sessions on yoga, painting, carpentry, music, dance, finance & accounts and art & crafts facilitating holistic development of students apart from their regular academic curriculum.
Ms. Neelima Khetan – Head CSR, HZL, Mr. Bhagwat Babel – Vice President, Vidya Bhawan, HZL CSR representatives and Vidhya Bhawan officials along with more than 200 rural students were present to grace the occasion.

ASK FOR ZINC - ULTIMATELY ALL THE EXPLORATION STARTED WITH A ROCK… SOMEONE FOUND IT AND SOMEONE USED IT… AND SOME BUILT A CIVILIZATION…




Mining Industry dates back to the dawn of civilization, and is often considered as an Ancient Industry. Indus Valley civilization showed the signs of copper, bronze, silver, gold but not iron..  Under the series of Ask for Zinc, we bring to you the innovations in the mining industry in various domains like exploration, ore deposit definition, extraction & processing, transport & communications, health, safety and mine reclamation.

INVERSION ALGORITHM - Innovations in Exploration

In mining, the first step is to discover an economically viable deposit with the help of a combination of activities collectively known as Exploration. For this, geologists search for mineral deposits in remote areas. Methods such as geological surface mapping and sampling, geophysical measurements and geochemical analysis are often applied at an early stage to pin out potential deposits.

Among these methods, geophysics is traditionally used to predict the position of a mineralized body by seeking out anomalies in the magnetic field, gravitational field or electrical conductivity etc. Inversion algorithms allow geophysical data to be used in an advanced way. It first establishes the geophysical properties of the rocks and then measures their geophysical signatures in the field, thus making it possible to generate 3D models of their potential mineralization and surrounding geological environment. Inversion algorithm enables resource explorers to extract more insight from geophysical data by converting geophysical measurements into 3D images of the subsurface that can be integrated with other surface and subsurface geologic observations.


Over the past decade, inversion algorithm has proved its effectiveness in exploring various ore deposits and major oil reserves around the world. The major examples being - iron ore and nickel belts of Western Australia - iron oxide-copper-gold in Africa, South America and Australia – copper deposits in Mongolia - nickel laterite in Colombia. Within the oil industry, inversion algorithm has reduced uncertainty when exploring the dense sedimentary section that surrounds the salt bodies in the Gulf of Mexico, and also offshore West Africa and South America where the geology is more complex and less predictable. 


INNOVATORS OF ZINC - WHEN INDUSTRY ACKNOWLEDGED HINDUSTAN ZINC’S EXCELLENCE AND LEADERSHIP IN MINING INDUSTRY

It is said.. “If you thrive for Excellence … You Get It..”

Mr. Ashutosh Pathak, Geologist - Mochia Mines at Zawar, and the geologist team went for a training programme on "Mineral deposit evaluation: Resource estimation, classification and reporting" held at Hyderabad from 17th to 20th  April'17. The training also saw participation from organizations like Tata Steel, NMDC, GSI, MECL, IMFA, etc. to name a few.

To understand the level of technology the mining companies are using, the faculty raised many questions. These pertained to software used in mining industry and exploration equipments.  Mr. Ashutosh Pathak has informed that Hindustan Zinc was the clear leader in all the present gallery of industries as Hindustan Zinc was the only company to have:

1. Mineral reporting as per CRIRSCO guidelines and we use JORC code, which is rare in the industry.
2. Use of advanced geological software like Data-mine and leap-frog for geological modelling as Hindustan Zinc is the first company in the country to introduce leapfrog.
3. Using high drilling capacity rig known as MCR first time in India for underground exploration drilling.
4. Using Geo stat tool very effectively for mineral estimation at every mine location of Hindustan Zinc.
5. Using best EDA techniques to ensure the reliability and accountability of database to create final reserve and resource estimates.
6. For R&R reporting a code being generated in India.

Other team members included – Mr. Vivek Tyagi (AM Geology – Kayad), Mr. Pankaj Choudhary (AM – Geology –SK Mine), Mr. Anand Pandey (Geologist – CRDL) and Mr. Biswajit Basak (Geologist – Zawar).

HINDUSTAN ZINC CERTIFIED AS “GREAT PLACE TO WORK”

The Company is proud to have about 14% women employees in fresh hires…

Hindustan Zinc, a Vedanta Group Company in Zinc-Lead-Silver business has been recently certified as “Great Place to Work” by Great Place to Work Institute for building a high-trust, high-performance culture within the organization.  

Hindustan Zinc's sustainability framework is supported by three pillars - Responsible Stewardship, Building Strong Relationships and Adding & Sharing Value. The Company has always focused on grooming and empowering the leaders out of its employees. The Company provides a vibrant working environment to enable employees to innovate, discover potential and realise professional dreams to ultimately drive the Brand of Organization. With talent pool of about 17,000 employees including contract workers, spread across all its locations, the Company is proud to have about 14% women employees in fresh hires.

Great Place to Work Institute’s methodology is recognized as rigorous and objective and considered as the gold standard for defining great workplaces across business, academia and government organizations. Every year, more than 8000 organizations from over 50 countries partner Great Place to Work Institute for assessment, benchmarking and planning actions to strengthen their workplace culture. They represent the definitive employer-of-choice and workplace quality recognition any organization can receive.


INNOVATORS OF ZINC - AUTOMATION IN REACTORS ELIMINATED RISK AND ELIMINATED MAN-MACHINE INTERACTION


Residual Treatment Plant (RTP) is a part of Leaching and Purification area in smelters. It is also called Jarosite Precipitation (JP) area.

There are total of 5 Reactors having a capacity of 300 cubic meters each at Zinc Smelter Debari. These reactors are equipped with agitators and steam coil for heating process solution to 100 degree centigrade.

The challenge was that if the agitator of any reactor fails, the steam would continue to flow through control valve to the reactor. As there would be no mixing of solution due to failure of agitator, solution near steam coils would heat rapidly and could lead to explosion of the reactor. The control valve would only be closed manually and that involved great amount of risk as well as process inefficiency.

A team consisting Mr. Vijay Kumar Rana (AM - Process), Mr. Sanjay Kumar (AM - Instrumentation), Mr. Debasis Sahoo (Engineer - Process) and Mr. Sandip Kanani (AM - Mechanical) felt the need for a change in this whole process and automation with steam auto valve cut-off seemed to be the solution.

Once this modification was done, it is ensured that if agitator of any reactor trips, the amperage of the reactor will drop down to no load level and the valve will close automatically preventing the steam entrance into the reactor.

This automation resulted in elimination of major hazard and also eliminated man machine interaction in reactors. It also resulted in power saving and increasing productivity.

H/E PRESIDENT OF INDIA HONOURS MR. LAXMAN SHEKHAWAT WITH NATIONAL GEOSCIENCE AWARD -2016

Mr. Laxman Shekhawat  - COO Mines, Hindustan Zinc has been awarded with National Geoscience Award - 2016 by Hon’ble President of India – Mr. Pranab Mukherjee on 12th April, 2017 at Rashtrapati Bhawan, New Delhi. Also present were Hon'ble Minister of State (IC) for Mines, Coal, Power and New & Renewable Energy, Govt. of India - Mr. Piyush Goyal, senior govt. officials and mining professionals across India during the award ceremony.


The award constituted by Ministry of Mines recognizes his contribution in the field of Mining Technology for adopting new methods & technology, conservation of mineral resources, systematic mine planning, mine safety, mine fires & hazards, mine reclamation & rehabilitation.

COUNCIL OF SCIENTIFIC & INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH (CSIR) AWARD TO MR. LAXMAN SHEKHAWAT

Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) - Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research (CIMFR) recognised Mr. Lakshman Shekhawat in the International Conference on NexGen Technologies for Mining and Fuel Industries, held on 15th February, 2017. 


Minister of Science, Technology and Earth Science - Dr. Harsh Vardhan presented the award to Mr. Lakshman Shekhawat for being one of the 8 eminent persons in Mining & Fuel Industries in India in a glittering function held at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi. 

‘UNCHI UDAAN’ TO GIVE WINGS TO 30 SELECT RURAL STUDENTS

Hindustan Zinc to give free coaching to 30 select rural students under 2 year school integrated residential program...

The famous proverb says “Education is a gift that no one can take away”.  It gives opportunity to people irrespective of their backgrounds to change the world with their knowledge.
Being a responsible metal & mining corporate, Hindustan Zinc is committed to the principles of harmonious and sustainable development and has a strong focus towards uplifting the communities residing near its business locations. With a focus on Education, Hindustan Zinc has launched a new program – ‘UNCHI UDAAN’ – an Educational Excellence Initiative on 25th April, 2017 at Head Office, Udaipur in association with Resonance Eduventures Pvt. Ltd. and Vidya Bhawan, Udaipur. The initiative aims at providing free coaching to 30 select students to appear and get through the IITs and other prestigious Engineering Colleges. These 30 bright students from lower earning families will get free coaching under 2 year school integrated residential program.
Mr. Sunil Duggal – CEO, HZL said “Unchi Udaan is very close to my heart. Through this program, Hindustan Zinc is contributing to the society and is bringing deprived students into mainstream education that would help in Building the Nation”.
Ms. Neelima Khetan – Head CSR, HZL informed that these 30 students comprising 12 girls were selected through rigorous 2 level selection process conducted across 6 districts – Udaipur, Bhilwara, Chittorgarh, Rajsamand & Ajmer from Rajasthan and Pantnagar from Uttrakhand. About 2330 students appeared for the exam during the selection process, out of which these 30 select students will pursue for 11th & 12th coaching program.
The technical partner, Resonance Eduventures Pvt. Ltd is a well-known name in the field of education providing classroom training to aspirants intending to prepare and appear in various competitive, talent search and scholarship examinations of national and international level. Resonance will coach these students for IIT entrance exam and will also be responsible for teaching Physics, Chemistry & Maths of 11th & 12th.
For schooling, boarding & lodging facilities, HZL has partnered with Vidya Bhawan, Udaipur where select students will get admitted as per regular course for class 11th RBSE and can avail the facilities like music, sports while getting groomed for overall personality development during the program.
While addressing the students, Mr. Pankaj Kumar – COO, Smelters emphasized on the importance of hard-work and passion along with the talent while working towards getting through IITs and other prestigious colleges.
The event saw the participation of students as well as their parents who were there to motivate them and to see them taking their first step towards bright future.
Mr. Pavan Kaushik – Head Corporate Communication, HZL said “Hindustan Zinc through its educational programs like Shiksha Sambal, Yashad Sumedha Scholarship program and other coaching programs to appear in Govt. Competitive Exams have always focussed on inclusive growth of students from rural background. ‘Unchi Udaan’ is one such initiative where young minds are motivated financially to come forward and secure their future”.
Also present during the occasion were Mr. V. Jayaraman – Head EOHS, HZL, Mr. P.C. Bhandari – HZL, Mr. Ravi Ranjan – Head Academic Excellence, Resonance Eduventures Pvt. Ltd, Udaipur Region, Mr. Ajay Mehta – President, Vidya Bhawan Society, Ms. Madhulika – Principal, Vidya Bhawan School, Mr. Arun Shrimali - Resonance Eduventures Pvt. Ltd along with Location CSR Heads of Hindustan Zinc and other HZL representatives.



KHUSHI IS 5 YEARS OLD TODAY - CELEBRATING CARE FOR THE DEPRIVED CHILDREN

We are very proud to inform you that the Campaign “KHUSHI” that we started on 10th April, 2012 is 5 years old today. During these years, we have organized several online discussions/debate, ground level workshops with street children, Awards and “KHUSHI” Walk and also direct interaction with thousands of school children to sensitize them about Care for the Deprived Children – their Nutrition, Education & Health.
Our “KHUSHI” Film ‘Humko Mann Ki Shakti Dena’ has been viewed by more than 7.6 million people across the globe – reaching to over 2 crore people, over 200,000 shares, 100,000 likes and 2000 comments. Here, today we celebrate the “KHUSHI” Day with our more than 225,000 followers.

VEDANTA KHUSHI - A TREKKING TO MAKE A DIFFERENCE...

As a part of the Jeevan Tarang Initiative for main-streaming people with disability, a Trek was organized on 5th March, 2017 for Blind students of Vidhya Chakshu Senior Sec. School, several employees at HZL (from Finance, Exploration, Project Commercial, CSR teams & HZL spouses) volunteered  to take these 10 blind students for Trekking. Each volunteer was paired with one visually-challenged student for the 8 km long Trek to Badi and the forests & fields around. The Trek was sponsored by the HZL EXCO members. The Trek gave a lot of confidence and happiness to these students.

HINDUSTAN ZINC TO PAY SPECIAL DIVIDEND OF RS. 13,985 CRORE

The Board of Directors of Hindustan Zinc has declared a special one-time interim dividend of 1375% i.e. Rs. 27.50 on every equity share of Rs. 2, entailing an outflow of Rs. 13,985 Crore including dividend distribution tax (DDT) on 22nd March, 2017. The record date for the dividend will be March 30, 2017.
Together with the Golden Jubilee dividend paid in April 2016 and the interim dividend paid in October 2016, the aggregate dividend being paid by Hindustan Zinc during this financial year will be Rs. 27,157 Crore including DDT, which is the largest dividend outflow by any company in India in a single financial year. Of this, Rs. 11,259 Crore will go to the Government. 
Agnivesh Agarwal - Chairman, HZL said, “We are pleased to reward our shareholders with a special dividend, which reflects the Company's confidence in its continued robust performance and demonstrates our commitment towards delivering value for our shareholders. Since disinvestment by the Government in 2002, the cumulative dividends paid by the Company, including the current special dividend, is Rs. 37,517 Crore including dividend distribution tax.”

DSC RECEIVED CORPORATE GOVERNANCE & SUSTAINABILITY VISION AWARDS-2017

The Indian Chamber of Commerce (ICC) awarded Dariba Smelter Complex with Corporate Governance & Sustainability Vision Awards-2017. Dariba Smelting Complex also received the second prize in the 'Water Stewardship' category. 
The award was received by Mr. Hemendra Sharma - AVP Finance, Mr.  H. C. Mathur - Head Civil and Mr. Pradeep Singh - Head Environment from Mr Anil Swarup - Secretary, Department of School Education & Literacy, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India at a function held in New Delhi on 15th February, 2017. The selection committee for the award comprised eminent juries and Ernst & Young as the knowledge partner. Mr. Hemendra Sharma was also a key speaker in India Corporate Governance & Sustainability Vision Summit- 2017 on 'Regulations for Corporate Governance in India'. 


RDM AWARDED DURING THE MINES ENVIRONMENT & MINERAL CONSERVATION WEEK

Rajpura Dariba Mines participated in 17th Mines Environment and Mineral Conservation Week 2016-17 and came first in various categories like Afforestation, Publicity and Propaganda, Reclamation & Rehabilitation, Mineral Conservation and Overall Performance and also received the second prize in Sustainable Development. The closing ceremony was held on 22nd January, 2017 wherein Rajpura Dariba Mines was felicitated with a trophy for its Overall Performance by Mr. R.K. Sinha - Controller, India Bureau of Mines, Nagpur.

CSC-CPP AWARDED FOR BEST FLY ASH UTILIZATION BY MISSION ENERGY FOUNDATION

Chanderiya Smelting Complex - Captive Power Plant received first prize for Best Fly Ash Utilization in a ceremony organized in New Delhi by Mission Energy Foundation. 
On behalf of Hindustan Zinc, Mr. Madan Singh Bhadoria – Unit Head, CPP - CSC received award from Dr. Srikanta K. Panigrahi - Director General, Carbon Minus India. Also present on dais were Mr. Manoj Kumar Gangeya - Director, MoEF, Mr. N.K. Gupta - Add. Director, CPCB, Mr. R.K. Verma - Chairperson, CEA and Mr. Sudhir Kumar - Advisor, NITI Aayog.

5 STAR RATING MINE AWARD - 2017 TO KAYAD MINE


Kayad Mine received 5 Star Rating Mine Award - 2017 under aegis of Indian Bureau of Mine, Ministry of Mine on 15th February, 2017 by Hon'ble Minister of State (IC) for Mines, Coal, Power and New & Renewable Energy, Govt. of India - Mr. Piyush Goyal. The award was received by Mr. Sunil Duggal - CEO, Hindustan Zinc and Mr. K. C. Meena - Unit Head, Kayad Mine during 2nd National Conclave on Mines and Minerals, New Delhi.

SAFETY TOWN HALL MEETING AT HZL

Safety Town Hall Meeting was organized on 4th March, 2017 wherein all Units along with marketing offices, including Head Office joined the live interaction. Mr. Sunil Duggal - CEO, HZL, Mr. Amitabh Gupta - CFO, HZL, Mr. Naveen Singhal - Director Projects and Mr. Laxman Shekhawat - COO Mines addressed about 2000 employees and contract workers and recently joined GETs. The Town Hall was conducted from Udaipur from the auditorium emphasizing on safety both on-site & off-site. The Town Hall also saw interactive session wherein several employees from each location asked questions and gave suggestions towards improving safety.


HINDUSTAN ZINC TO INVEST RS. 570 CRORE ON 'ZINC FUMER PLANT' TO BOOST VOLUMES

Hindustan Zinc, India's only and the world's leading zinc-lead-silver producer is all set to commission its first Zinc Fumer Plant to extract metals from the waste.
The most advanced global zinc production technology, hydro-metallurgical, generates Jarosite as part of the metallurgical process to produce zinc. Due to generation of Jarosite waste as part of the process, there has been a significant loss of metals like zinc, lead, copper, silver and other minor metals in the waste. Globally, the zinc-lead mining industries have been facing challenge towards recovery of metals from waste.
Industry sources estimate that Hindustan Zinc loses about 27,000 MT of metal per annum in this waste.
The most successful process for recovery of metals, without the formation of Jarosite, is Zinc Fumer Plant.  Currently Zinc Fumer Plants are installed in few Chinese and Korean Zinc plants and are quite successful. Zinc Fumer Plant not only deviates from the process of formation of Jarosite, instead, recovers the metals from the waste.
CEO of Hindustan Zinc, Mr. Sunil Duggal informed  that “Hindustan Zinc has placed formal order to China Non Ferrous Metal Industry's Foreign Engineering & Construction Co Ltd (NFC) and we are expecting to commission the first Zinc Fumer Plant by Middle of 2018.  The first Zinc Fumer Plant is being commissioned by Hindustan Zinc at Chanderiya with a cost of Rs. 570 crore will improve recovery of Zinc from 96.8 % to 97.5% (from MIC) that would add about 3000 tonnes of Zinc from just one smelter per annum.” While treating waste, the Zinc Fuming Plant will also produce a large quantity of slag that would be fully utilized by the cement industry.”
The major recovery from Zinc Fumer Plant would be in Lead and Silver, an increase of Lead production by about 4700 tonnes and Silver by 33 tonnes per annum. The Chanderiya Hydro-II Smelter of Hindustan Zinc has a capacity to produce 210,000 tonnes of Zinc.
Hindustan Zinc has an overall current capacity to produce about 825,000 tonnes of Zinc, 180,000 tonnes of Lead and about 500 tonnes of Silver.
The Company has plans to put-up Zinc Fumer Plant at its other Smelting Complexes - at Hydro-I in Chanderiya and in Rajsamand at Dariba Smelting Complex. Once the commissioning is completed at all the three locations, the capacity of Zinc, Lead and Silver is likely to increase significantly, which would ultimately add to the overall volumes, revenue and profits of the Company.



International Women's Day at Hindustan Zinc

Hindustan Zinc is committed for the empowerment of the women in its community as well as in its workforce. In its continuous journey to strengthen women employees, the “International Women's Day” was celebrated with great enthusiasm on 8th March 2017 across the locations of HZL.

Head Office Udaipur
International Women's Day was celebrated with great zeal at the Head Office. The event was graced by the presence of the CFO and the Head-HR of Hindustan Zinc. The Head-HR reaffirmed the commitment of raising the diversity from 12% to 30% in the coming years. The CFO also shared his views on the important role a woman plays whether it is at work or at home. It was then followed by two inspiring stories of  Ms. Shama Jain and Ms. Rizwana Sultan. It was highly motivating.
We had a cake cutting ceremony by all the females to mark the beginning of the celebration followed by a small get together of all the employees at Head Office. The employees also conveyed their wishes and messages on the signature poster.

Sindesar Khurd Mines
The theme for this year's International Women's Day was 'Be Bold For Change'. So, for a change from regular office; our female executives took on the headlamps, boots and rescuers to have a sneak-peek into the depths of the mining industry. They did a comprehensive visit to experience the intricacies of underground operations at SK Mine.

Zinc Smelter Debari
Zinc Smelter Debari celebrated the day with a get together of all female executives, non-executives and contract labour. The event began with cake cutting and motivational speeches by Dr. Fatma Liyaquat - HOD, Environment and Mr. Manoj Nashine - Unit Head.

Pantnagar Metal Plant
The celebration at Pantnagar Metal Plant started with a surprise greeting by Unit Head with flower bouquets, chocolates and greeting cards to the female executives and employee's spouses. Visit to an Orphanage centre  - 'Dushiya Baba Kaniya Chatrawas' was also planned where the PMP team distributed stationery and fruits.

Rampura Agucha Mines
RAM organized a program for female executives at its Rampura Agucha Club, Community Centre. The event witnessed 20  ladies and with this various entertaining activities including Paper Dance, Musical Chair, Spoon Race & Balloon Race were performed by the participants. To mark the occasion, a Cake Cutting Ceremony was carried out by all females. The evening concluded with a feast, gifts and prizes. This event was considered an opportunity to deepen ties among the female executives and to understand each other very well.

Chanderiya Smelting Complex
During Women's Day celebration on 8 March, 2017 at CSC, Lady police officials from Chanderiya, Sadar and Gangar Thana also participated and became part of it.


BEING SAFE

A unique initiative - “BEING SAFE” is to bring in a sense of safety as responsibility towards employees, particularly in contract employees/families/children. Corporate Communication team has made 11 visits in Units (except Pant Nagar) along with Zinc School and has interacted with about 1500 employees/families/children overall. 4 films have been made involving our own employees and their families to focus on safety. Meditation sessions are organized post the screening of films to understand what goes inside their minds post such incidents. Along with the Safety messages and movie screening, live case studies and events are shared with the employees.
A direct on-the-spot feedback was taken from the employees which is found to be very encouraging. Many of the employees share their personal experiences beyond the boundaries of the Plant.
About 87% of employees found this informal interaction more impactful and more connecting to them. Specifically made Safety films were also appreciated by about 86% people and about 83% employees backed the essence of Safety Rules.
'Being Safe' has certainly strengthened the culture of belongingness within Hindustan Zinc. We know it is a journey that needs to be continued to achieve Zero Harm in the organization…




GLIMPSE OF BEING SAFE WORKSHOP


WHO STOLE MY HAPPINESS - BEING SAFE


A young boy was playing with a sharp knife and his father kept telling him not to do so. The stubbornness of the child made him continue with his act. His father warned him that if his finger gets cut or he gets hurt, it would be very painful. The boy was confident of managing his act. The father for once decided to let the learning be through experience this time. Suddenly, the knife fell on his feet and as expected the blood started coming and the child started crying profusely. Father rushed towards him and also the child's mother. But both stopped after walking few steps. They knew that the child though was crying, but he was safe. The learning was happening through his experience this time. The child was feeling the pain and was asking for help and promised not to repeat it in future.  
Why we often want to learn only through our own experiences, why not with experiences of others ? Why we feel that safety of others is our responsibility, when they themselves do not consider it to be their own responsibility ? Why we tend to learn only by doing mistakes ourselves, when there is enough scope of getting hurt by mistakes of others ? 
Many questions, but reply seems to be just One.. Be Safe For Your Own-Self And For Your Family. 
Safety is not just compliance or a fear or adherence, it is more to be understood as a practice and as a philosophy.
All of us have watched our mother playing with fire while making food for us. Many times she must have burnt her fingers. But have you ever tried putting your fingers on hot-plate. No.. We know the outcome would be evident.
How much scared are we when our children do not reach home after school on time. We keep peeping from the window to assess every second of delay. We often complain schools for not informing about the delays in school busses. We are scared of any untoward incident. Imagine, when we the bread-earner of the family, fail to turn up to our homes on time, or at all ? What our families go through ? What thoughts they would have in their minds ? 
We tend to advise our children to wear helmet, not to sit with a friend who does rash-driving. But when it comes to our own-self, we only tend to be liberal on our own rules. We may find many reasons to comment on how people drive, but often ignore our own families views and requests on how we ourselves drive. For us, Rules are meant to be Broken.
Accidents or incidents do not come with an appointment, they are always without invitation. But still prevention always work better than cure.
Let us assess where we are going wrong and what needs to be corrected, with a positive frame of mind. 
I don't want my safety to become someone else's responsibility, do you, when I know I can handle myself...

INNOVATORS OF ZINC - PRODUCING 200M3 WATER PER DAY FROM UNUSED STEAM…

Hydro-I plant at Chanderiya Smelting Complex, commissioned in 2005 generated about 43-45 tonnes of steam from Waste Heat Recovery Boiler which is used to generate power in condensate type turbine of 9.40 MW. During this process, about 25 tonnes of steam gets condensed and remaining 20 tonnes is used for leaching process. Since leaching LP steam requirement is about 35 tonnes, the remaining 15 tonnes steam needs to be taken from CPP.
To reduce the cost of steam from CPP, in 2012 condensate type turbine was replaced by 4.3 MW back pressure type turbines. Due to this, the excess steam of 6-8 tonnes/hr started venting off through final vent. This contributed to water loss of about 150 m3/day.
A team comprising Mr. Deepak Jain - AM, O&M, Mr. Kailash Chandra Choubisa - AM, E&I, Mr. Sunil Dutta - Executive, O&M, Mr. P.C. Kumawat - AM, O&M, Mr. Bhagwan Lal Dhakar - Executive, O&M of Unit-II under guidance of Mr Rajesh Luhadia - Unit Head, Unit-2  brain-stormed for utilization of this vent steam as part of water conservation project.
The team came up with an innovative idea to utilize the available spent heat exchanger to arrest the unutilized 6-8 tonnes of vent steam.
A condensing system was connected before the final vent to convert the excess steam into condensate water and recycled the same into the boiler circuit. Due to additional in-built capacity of condensing system, vent steam of Hydro-2 Roaster could also be condensed with the same system. This lead to water recovery of more than 200m3/day against target of 130m3/day from unused steam.

INNOVATORS OF ZINC - RECOVERY OF ZINC FROM SLAG IN LEAD AUSMELT PLANT BY OPTIMIZING IRON AND SILICA RATIO IN CONCENTRATE




The Ausmelt furnace at Chanderiya produces Lead bullion using Lead concentrate and is designed to handle 3.9% Zinc and 5% Graphitic Carbon. Higher Zinc in this concentrate results in higher Zinc percentage in slag and higher Graphitic Carbon results in poor separation of slag from Lead bullion. It also lowers the life of the lance.
Since September 2016, Ausmelt plant was getting Lead concentrate with 6-9% of Zinc and 5-16% of Graphitic Carbon which was more than the optimal percentage of Zinc and Graphitic Carbon.
A team led by Mr. Pranabesh Roy - SBU Head and comprising Mr. T.V.S.S. Nagaraju - AM, Process, Mr. Vinay Kanthalia - AM, Process, Mr. Shyam Goswami  - Jr. Executive, Process, Mr. Vivek Menaria - Jr. Executive - Process, Mr. Sandeep Paliwal - AM, Mechanical and Mr. Anil Inani - AM, Instrumentation as team members took the task to overcome this challenge.
It was studied and observed that when the ratio between Iron to Silica (Fe/SiO2) is more than 0.9 and Zinc is above 20-22% it results in formation of severe build-up inside the furnace. Also, to control bath temperature due to high Graphitic Carbon, Ausmelt furnace needs at least 25-30 MT/day of extra secondary material. The only in-house secondary material available was ISF dross which contains 25-30% Zinc and 55-60% Lead.
The team studied the effect of Zinc and other impurities like Iron & Silica in slag. To maintain the ration of Iron to Silica (Fe/SiO2) below 0.9, Silica was added as flux which brought down the ratio to 0.6 to 0.7 and thus was able to handle 32-35% Zinc in slag.
The team was successful to use high Zinc and Graphitic Carbon concentrate and was able to consume 800-1000 MT per month of ISF dross inventory which otherwise was increasing every month. Optimization of this slag chemistry also helped to get highest lance life ever (6 batches per lance) for the month of December 2016 with record of 16 batches for a single lance. This increased the average life of lance by 3 times.

INNOVATORS OF ZINC - DISCOVERING CWM-SERIES OF LENS WITH HIGH METAL CONTENT AT ZAWAR…


Zawar Mines, one of the oldest mines, is all set for expansion and has planned to increase its production capacity in upcoming years. The goal is to produce 4 million tonnes of ore from all the four underground mines in Zawar.
 Mochia, the oldest mine of Hindustan Zinc has planned to contribute 1.2 million tonnes in terms of ore production. To reduce the pressure of production, it was necessary for the mining team to keep two or three stopes ready all the time. For this, the team required sufficient Reserves and Resources to meet the planned production targets.
 At West Mochia section, there exist a series of lenses called CWM-Series of lenses. These lenses possess significant potential but were completely untouched in terms of production. The intersections of these lenses were at greater distance from surface but remained unexplored from underground at shallow depths.
 Mochia Geology Team comprising Mr. Ashutosh Pathak (In-charge, Geology Department-Mochia),  Mr. Santosh Kumar Guin (Geologist), Mr. Prashant Biswas (Geologist) and Mr. Sayandeep Chakraborty (Geologist) decided to utilise this unexplored resource below the earth at shallow depth from surface and identified this area for exploratory drilling. The team drilled around 2800 metres of these lenses and added about 9 lakh tonnes of R&R with 5% Total Metal Content in just a year which is sufficient to cater to the needs of Zawar during development stages.
The team has planned further drilling and production from this area in the upcoming times which will divide the pressure of production from other stopes and help in meeting the goal of 4 million tonnes.

MY SILVER GLITTERS MORE THAN A GOLD - ASK FOR ZINC

While travelling from “Ask for Zinc - A to Zinc in our Lives”, there also falls one letter 'S', denoting Silver. A market that is dominated majorly by imports in India with Hindustan Zinc as the only primary Silver producer in India with over 95% market share in production.
Who knew, the lines that we see on the rear windscreen of cars, which are used for defrosting and defogging, are made from Silver. Surprisingly, in the United States, an alloy can only be called Silver if it has at least 90% Pure Silver.  Who knew that Silver has its origin from a Sanskrit word, later derived from Latin  ARGUNAS, meaning Shining.
Globally, the highest usage of Silver is Industrial Fabrication (51%), followed by Coins and Bars (25%), Jewellery (19%) and Silverware (5%). In India, the highest usage of Silver is Coins and Bars (37%), followed by Jewellery (30%), Silverware (17%) and Industrial Fabrication (16%).
Used in conjunction with almost every common industry, Silver makes itself practically indispensable.
Hindustan Zinc is aiming to produce 1000 tonnes of Silver from current level of about 500 tonnes annually. The company proposes to capture 10% of the Silver consumption market in India from the current level of just about 5%.

HISTORY SAYS IT ALL…
Silver is derived from the Anglo-Saxon word for Silver, 'Siolfor,' which itself comes from ancient Germanic 'Silabar'. Silver's chemical symbol (Ag) is an abbreviation of the Latin word for Silver, 'Argentum'. The Latin word originates from Argunas, a Sanskrit word meaning shining.
One of the most precious ancient metals to have roots in Zinc, Silver is believed to be discovered around 5000 BC. While Silver objects have been found dating back before 4000 BC, mankind learned to separate Silver from Lead in 3000 BC. Around 700 B.C. early Mediterranean civilizations were using the brilliant white metal as currency.
Gold was considered to be the skin of the ancient Egyptian gods, but their bones were thought to be of Silver. In ancient Egypt, Silver was considered much more valuable than Gold. It was rare in existence and on the list of valuables. Items of Silver were listed above those of Gold during the Old Kingdom.
The mining of Silver began between 5,000 and 6,000 years ago in Anatolia, or what is now Turkey. One of the first five metals to be discovered by the mankind. Over the next several centuries, the epicentre of Silver mining shifted from Greece to Spain to Germany to Eastern Europe.

PARKES PROCESS - EXTRACTION OF SILVER FROM ZINC
There have been many ways of extraction of Silver through smelting process.  One of them has been the Parkes Process, a pyro metallurgical industrial process for removing Silver from Lead during the production of bullion. It is an example of liquid-liquid extraction.
Parkes process (patented in 1850), involves adding Zinc to Lead and melting the two together. When stirred, the molten Zinc reacts and forms compounds with any Silver and Gold present in the Lead. These Zinc compounds are lighter than the Lead and, on cooling, form a crust that can be readily removed.
The process takes advantage of two liquid-state properties of Zinc - the First is that Zinc is immiscible with Lead and the Second that Silver is 3000 times more soluble in Zinc than it is in Lead.
When Zinc is added to liquid Lead that contains Silver as a contaminant, the Silver preferentially migrates into the Zinc. Since Zinc is immiscible in Lead, it remains in a separate layer and is easily removed. The Zinc-Silver solution is then heated until the Zinc vaporizes, leaving nearly pure Silver. If Gold is present in the liquid Lead, it can also be removed and isolated by the same process.

SILVER ELECTROPLATING -
A CHANGE IN ERA
Silver's industrial role is much more than that of Gold and it is for this reason that a shortage of Silver has always had higher negative implications than there would be if there was a shortage of Gold.
Silver has the highest electrical conductivity amongst all the metals, which is why it is used as an alloyed form for electrical contacts. Satellites, lasers, high-tech weaponry, robotics, telecommunications, all need Silver. Conductors, contracts, switches and fuses need Silver too because of its non-corroding or non-overheating properties.
Engine bearings rely on Silver. The strongest bearing is made from steel and is electroplated with Silver. Silver's high melting point allows it to withstand the high temperature of engines and Silver's lubricant-like features help reduce friction between a ball bearing and its housing. Due to Silver's ability to absorb oxygen, it is being researched as a possible substitute for platinum to catalyse oxidation of matter collected in diesel engine filters. The other industrial applications of Silver electroplating include use in electrical parts and components like Copper connectors and Brass connectors.

SOLAR PANELS - THE POWER OF SUN, BROUGHT TO YOU BY SILVER
If we add the amount of Solar Energy that is absorbed by the Earth's atmosphere, land and oceans every year, we end up with approximately 3,850,000 EJ (exajoules or 10^18 joules). To put it in more understandable terms, this amount of energy is equivalent to  :  2.7 million earthquakes of the same size as the Tohoku earthquake in Japan (2011) - 40,000 times the total energy consumption in the United States - 8,000 times the total consumption in the whole world -  40% of the energy that is required to heat the entire volume of water we have on Earth by 1°Celsius. Every square meter of our planet receives around 1,366 watts of direct Solar radiation.
In America, one solar panel system is installed every four minutes. NASA is currently working on a Solar-powered aircraft.
Silver is a unique metal. It has the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of all metals, and it's the most reflective. These physical properties make Silver a highly valued industrial metal, especially when used in Solar cells.
Industry estimates that 40 tonnes of Silver is required to produce panels that would generate 1 GW of Solar Power. With this industry (solar) virtually non-existent 10 years ago, Silver demand in the Solar industry is growing at a fast clip as an alternate form of Energy source in India.
Silver is a primary ingredient in photovoltaic cells, and 90% of crystalline Silicon photovoltaic cells use Silver paste. When sunlight hits the silicon cell it generates electrons. The Silver used in the cell works as a conductor to collect these electrons in order to form a useful electric current. The Silver then transports the electricity out of the cell so it can be used. Further, the conductive nature of Silver enhances the reflection of the sunlight to improve the Energy that is collected. Therefore, if it wasn't for Silver, Solar wouldn't be as efficient in turning sunlight into Energy.
India is currently 100% importer of Solar parts where Silver is used, the major countries from where it is being imported are China and Japan. Taking forward the vision of our Prime Minister to produce 50 GW of Solar Energy, and producing Solar parts, Indian consumption of Silver will be all set to increase by about 2000 tonnes. This would also create large ancillary industries and ample employment opportunities.
California is home to the largest Solar Power Plant in the world, located in the Mojave Desert. It spans 1,000 acres. California also dominates the Solar Power market, with a market share of 44% in 2015. California, Arizona, and North Carolina are the top three US states for Solar power, based on the amount of cumulative Solar electric capacity installed. There are now nine states in the U.S. where 100% of new electrical energy comes from Solar Power.
As it turns out, Solar Energy wouldn't work the same way if it wasn't for Silver.

HEALTH - SILVER GLITTERS IN MY MEDICINE
Hippocrates, "The Father of Medicine", knew of Silver's healing and anti-disease properties. In World War I, before the widespread use of antibiotics, it was imperative on the battlefield. Silver foil was wrapped around wounds to help them heal.
Silver, a germicidal, kills bacteria and other lower organisms. Silver ions act as a catalyst by absorbing oxygen, which kills bacteria by interfering with their respiration. This antibiotic property, along with its non-toxicity, has given Silver an essential role in medicine for thousands of years.
In medicine, Silver is incorporated into wound dressings to treat external infections and also used as an antibiotic coating in medical devices. It is also used in some medical applications, such as urinary catheters (where tentative evidence indicates it reduces catheter-related urinary tract infections) and in endotracheal breathing tubes (where evidence suggests it reduces ventilator-associated pneumonia). The Silver ion (Ag+) is bio-active and in sufficient concentration readily kills bacteria in vitro. Silver is also used in other medical instruments and is a key part of the technology behind X-rays. It has also been used in eye drops and in dental hygiene to cure and prevent infection. Silver Sulfadiazine is especially useful for burn victims because it kills bacteria while also allowing the skin to regrow. Silver ion treatments can heal bone infections and allow regeneration of damaged tissue.
Today, the presence of antibiotic-resistant superbugs increases the demand for Silver in hospitals. Small amounts of Silver can coat hospital surfaces and medical equipment to prevent the spread of pathogens.
Silver and Silver nanoparticles are also used as an antimicrobial in a variety of industrial, healthcare, and domestic applications.

FORECAST - THE SILVER INSTITUTE
As per Indian Minerals Yearbook, published by Indian Bureau of Mines, India is the biggest importer and largest consumer of Silver in the world. Considering the current pattern of utilisation of Silver in the country and the anticipated increase in the GDP, the future demand for Silver is likely to exceed 6,000 tonnes per annum by 2017 as per the report of the Working Group on Mineral Exploration and Development (Other than Coal & Lignite) for the XII Five Year Plan (2012-2017). There is a need for intensifying the exploration for identification of more Silver bearing resources from which Silver is recovered as a by-product.
Silver growth is only likely to increase in India in the coming years since India is growing very aggressively in the areas of Make in India, Digital India and Solar Energy. As compared to the world, India has been slow towards utilization of silver for industrial usage with mere 16%, as compared to global usage of 51%. Though we are growing in terms of utilization of Silver in jewelry and Silver-ware, the real boost will come with Digital India and development of domestic solar energy market where Silver will be used.